Following a master degree in international law at the University of Siena (Italy) and an LLM in EU law at the College of Europe (Bruges, Belgium), Paolo Cesarini worked first as researcher at the Institute for Public and International Law of Siena University, and then joined the legal service of the International Labour Organization in Geneva (Switzerland) in 1985.
He moved to Brussels to work for the European Commission in 1989. He held various management positions within the Directorate General for Competition, including as deputy head of unit responsible for antitrust legislation and relations with Member States (1998-2002) and for the media sector (2002-2003).
In 2003, he was appointed Head of Unit responsible for antitrust enforcement in the consumer goods, basic industries, agricultural and manufacturing sectors and, from 2011, for State aid policy in the areas of R&D&I, risk finance and environment. Since January 2017, is in charge of the unit responsible of Media Convergence and Social Media in the Directorate General for Communication Networks, Content and Technology.
During the last ten years, he has also been teaching EU competition law as visiting professor at Siena University, and as lecturer at the universities of Turin and Montpellier.